The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act
The education provisions of the McKinney-Vento Act ensures educational rights and protections for children and youth experiencing homelessness. The law also directly applies to homeless unaccompanied youth who also receive some special attention within the Act.
Who are Homeless Children and Youth?
Before schools can be certain they are complying with legislation related to educating students experiencing homelessness, they must understand who can be considered homeless. The McKinney-Vento Act (Section 725) defines "homeless children and youth" (school-aged and younger) as:
Children and youth who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence, including children youth who are:
1. Share the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason.
2. Live in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to lack of alternative adequate accommodations.
3. Live in emergency or transitional shelters.
4. Abandoned in hospitals.
5. Children and youth who have a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for, or ordinarily used as, regular sleeping accommodations.
6. Children and youth who are living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings.
7. The term "unaccompanied youth" includes a youth not in the physical custody of a parent or guardian. This would include runaways living in runaway shelters, abandoned buildings, cars, on the streets, or in other inadequate housing; children and youth denied housing by their families.
Please contact the Homeless Education Liaison Clarissa Maldonado at (512) 278-4099 or email email@example.com for more details about the program.